Are Jesus and the Archangel Michael the Same Being?
By Milton J. Orgeron
In Part One and Part Two I have presented the case from Scripture for both sides as best I see it after years of examining the issue and what advocates of both sides have to say, in far more web and print articles than the few representative links posted here. After you the jury have deliberated the arguments and testimony from Scripture, court has come back into session. What is your verdict?
After presenting the case from both sides, after years of mulling it over from time to time, listening to devout Seventh-Day Adventists and Jehovah’s Witnesses and also other Christians and Bible scholars in print and in person who take one position or the other, I have reached my verdict.
The relative lengths of Part One and Part Two should be an indication that, in my view, the consistent testimony of Scripture, both explicitly and implicitly, rules out the archangel Michael and Jesus as the same being. Rather, “the angel of the LORD”, who is never identified as Michael, is the pre-incarnate Jesus.
The writer of the letter to the Hebrews puts my points in Part Two in concise form in the entirety of the first chapter. My points in Part Two simply add to the weight of the argument and point out some inferences I have not read elsewhere, though others may well have done so before. From the inspired pen:
Hebrews Chapter 1—
God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, 2 in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world. 3 And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, 4 having become as much better than the angels, as He has inherited a more excellent name than they.
5 For to which of the angels did He ever say,
“You are My Son,
Today I have begotten You”?
“I will be a Father to Him
And He shall be a Son to Me”?
6 And when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says,
“And let all the angels of God worship Him.”
7 And of the angels He says,
“Who makes His angels winds,
And His ministers a flame of fire.”
8 But of the Son He says,
“Your throne, O God, is forever and ever,
And the righteous scepter is the scepter of His kingdom.
9 “You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness;
Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You
With the oil of gladness above Your companions.”
“You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth,
And the heavens are the works of Your hands;
11 They will perish, but You remain;
And they all will become old like a garment,
12 And like a mantle You will roll them up;
Like a garment they will also be changed.
But You are the same,
And Your years will not come to an end.”
13 But to which of the angels has He ever said,
“Sit at My right hand,
Until I make Your enemies
A footstool for Your feet”?
14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent out to render service for the sake of those who will inherit salvation?
All God’s blessings to all who have persevered to the end of this series!